Active Directory Domain Services
AD DS domain controller service. If this service is stopped, users will be unable to log on to the network.
Provides domain controller service. Stopping the service will stop the server acts as a Domain controller.
Active Directory Web Services
Provides web service interface to AD DS and AD LDS (Lightweight Directory Service) that running locally on this server.
Required for AD PowerShell module, AD Administrative center to work.
This service is responsible for registering IP addresses and DNS records for this computer. If this service is stopped, this computer will not receive DHCP IP address and DNS updates.
File Replication Service (FRS)
Synchronizes folders with file servers that use FRS instead of newer DFS replication technology.
Distributed File System Replication (DFSR)
DFSR is used to replicate contents of SYSVOL between domain controllers. SYSVOL contains Group Policy, logon and logoff scripts (if any). Stopping this service will have effect on Group Policies, logon and logoff scripts etc.
DFSR replaces FRS starting with Windows server 2008.
In Windows Server 2008 R2, File Replication Service (FRS) cannot be used for replicating Distributed File System (DFS) folders or custom (non-SYSVOL) data. A Windows Server 2008 R2 domain controller can still use FRS to replicate the contents of the SYSVOL share in a domain that uses FRS for replicating the SYSVOL share between domain controllers. However, Windows Server 2008 R2 servers cannot use FRS to replicate the contents of any replica set apart from the SYSVOL share.
This service caches DNS names and registers the full computer name for this computer.
Provides Name resolution service to clients by answering DNS queries and dymanic DNS update requests. If this service is stopped, DNS updates will not occur.
Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC)
On DC this service enables users to log on to the network using Kerberos authentication protocol.
Maintains a secure channel between this computer and the domain controller for authenticating users and services.This secure channel is used for authentication (Kerberos and NTLM) and DC replication.
If this service is stopped, the computer may not authenticate users and services and the domain controller cannot register DNS records.
- This service is responsible for creating Secure Channel between Domain Controllers and client computers. Secure Channel is created to pass the authentication packets.
- Service performs the registration of SRV records, CNAME and other DC records in the DNS Server to advertise the availability of Domain Controllers in the domain.
- SRV Records registered by NetLogon Service are stored in C:\Windows\System32\Config\NetLogon.DNS File.
- Performs registration of SRV Records every 24 hours depending on the version of Operating System in use.
- Registers the SRV Records for a site where there is no Domain Controller. This is called Site Coverege.
Remote Desktop Services
Allows users to connect interactively to a remote computer. Remote Desktop and Remote Desktop session Host Server depend on this service.
Maintains date and time synchronization on all clients and servers on the network.
Acts as Network Time Protocol (NTP) client and NTP time server. w32time.exe command line tool for troubleshooting issues such as computer is unable to sync time with authoritative source.
Info from Various sources including